6 Types of Sewage Systems
Sewer systems act as large parts carriers of wastewater and other by-products away from the homes to keep the environment clean. Some do not put much thought on things they need to know about the things they could know and they need to know about the sewage system you have at home. Each of the different sewage systems has its purpose and ways of managing waste. A sewer line is composed of pumps, sewer pipes, and wastes from a specific area in the community. Here are 6 common types of sewage systems:
1. Simplified Sewer
This is your typical conventional sewer piping layout. This sewage system is made up of smaller pipes and is positioned in such a way that they have a lesser downward slope. Usually it does not involve reduction of the diameter and cover, puts the path choice of the sewers into perspective, chooses accessible chambers and tunnels for inspection purposes and slope degree through tractive force method.
This type of sewer is very easy to install since the system is laid at a shallower depth. No digging if heavy proportions required. It is also an economical choice since the length of a pipe that is to be used will be lessened. The installation budget is lowered 50-80% compared to the conventional sewage system installation cost.
2. Separate Sewer
This type of sewers is created to catch stormwater and wastewater. Sanitary sewers collect and carry domestic wastes that are in liquid form while a stormwater sewer acts as a catch basin for stormwater. These two lines are directly joined to a treatment amenity to avoid overflow and backups. So far, this method has been effective. Despite the initial cost of installation being quite high, some still opt for it because of the security and hygiene level it can provide.
3. Combined Sewer
This system is a complex connection of pipes that catch and transport domestic and public liquid wastes. The entire sewer pipes connected to the main sewerconverges into a single sewer line pipe that leads to a treatment amenity. Most urban cities and downtown areas install and utilise this system.
Because these pipes are transporting wastewater, they are designed with self-cleaning velocity so that no particle will be able to remain in place and that everything should be carried by the flow as to prevent full-blown, industry-sized blockage. This flow speed is maintained through a steady downward sloping in the positioning of the pipes. This is to ensure the environmental benefits and impact of the sewage system does not throw our ecosystem off balance and to ensure that the waste they carry will not resurface and affect the health of the people in the community.
4. Solid Sewer
This system is much different from the liquid waste sewage system. Since solid particles are removed from the passageway before it even enters the system, a chamber is installed. This chamber is installed to maintain sewage system efficiency and tidiness. This kind of system can be found in cities where the population count is off the charts but there is very little room for a sewer system.
5. Pressurised Sewer
This system needs pressure to move wastewater instead of gravity enforced by gradual sloping of the pipes. Pump installation makes this process possible. Effluents are settled before transporting them to the pump system. In spite of the high-efficiency rate, some will not choose this sewage system type because of the initial cost of installation.
6. Vacuum Sewer
This type of sewage makes use of negative pressure to carry wastewater flow. Centralising water collection into a single sewer pipe, the system operates depending on whether the gravity reaches a specific level. Suction is then done to draw the water into the main channel. This is useful and advised for places when gravity is not enough to transport liquid waste in the sewer system.